Well, I haven't posted in awhile. I'll spare you the details but lets just say its been a crazy spring and summer. Let me get down to what you want to know.
Check rides stuff.
A few changes have been made to the private, instrument and commercial ACS. Rather than spend a bunch of time typing, I recommend getting a current copy from FAA.gov and review it for yourself. There is a page that summarizes the changes in each ACS.
Ground: Basic weather knowledge. For example, cold vs warm front. Required equipment. Stall and spin knoweldge (big hint, know how to recover from a stall & spin). Airspace; Class C, B and TFRs. Effects of being outside the Weight and Balance envelope.
Flight: Stall recovery. Unusual attitude recovery. Engine failure and best glide. Crosswind Takeoff and landing and Soft Field landings. Airport operations at towered and non towered airports.
Ground: Basic weather knowledge, Alternate airport requirements. RNAV approach procedures. GPS and WAAS procedures.
Flight: Holding. RNAV approach procedures. Circling approach procedures (when can you descend below MDA?). Non precision approach procedures (Where is the MAP?).
Ground: Commercial Privileges and limitations. Basic weather knowledge.
Flight: Lazy 8s. 180 Power off accuracy landings. Stall recovery.
Ground: Safety Management. Private/Commercial pilot certificate required training. Required endorsements. Cross country planning. Airworthiness requirements.
Flight: Not teaching and/or flying in accordance with the ACS and the appropriate FAA Flying Handbook.
Automatic failures: (These are situations where the Examiner has no option and most likely will intervene before a bad situation occurs.) Busting airspace or cloud clearances. Busting a Regulation or an ATC clearance. Exceeding a limitation. Any action or lack of Action where the Examiner must intervene.